Every year, the exposure to ambient outdoor air pollution causes 3 million deaths. 4.3 million of deaths occur as a result of household exposure to smoke from dirty cookstoves and fuels.
However, this practice has two negative effects.
First, it has an effect on the health due to high emissions, because many populations are still using traditional stoves.
Then, it affects on the environment as it causes forest degradation and deforestation.
If we consider the cost to collect firewood and these negative impacts, firewood is not the cheapest way energy source. It is important to remember that Africa contains a significant part of world’s remaining forests (15%).
As it can be collected for free, firewood is the cheapest energy source for cooking and heating: rural populations depend a lot on forests for their everyday life. Indeed, it is generally the main source of cooking energy for rural households in developing countries, such as countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.
WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW
By 2050, the global population is expected to increase to 9.6 billion. To sustain our current standard of living, we would need three planets’ worth of resources.
Over the past 20 years, more than 10 million people have been displaced because of environmental degradation and desertification.
Women and children spend up to five hours a day collecting wood. This time could be better spent on income generating activities and education.
There are 3 billion people in the world burning wood, charcoal, or coal for cooking or heating in open fires or in inefficient stoves. This means these families can spend up to 35% of their income on inefﬁcient cooking methods.
Air pollution is the fourth largest risk factor for premature deaths: it causes one out of every nine deaths and is the most important environmental health risk of our time. 90% of those deaths occur in low and middle income countries.
Sources Of Air Pollution:
- Cookstoves and kerosene lamps
- Coal-fired power plants
- Vehicle emissions
- Industrial furnaces
- Dust storms
Common Health Outcomes from Outdoor Pollution:
- Ischaemic Heart Disease
- Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Why Do We Focus On Environment?
A healthy environment is fundamental to reduce poverty. Deforestation often forces people to move, increasing poverty rates.
Tackling climate change is an opportunity to create jobs and economic growth. More than 250,000 people are now working in solar energy in the United States. In China, 35% of people are working in clean energy.
A stove saves a family 20% of their daily expenses because they use 50% less fuel each day. One stove also saves six trees from being turned into charcoal each year, and reduces 1.5 tons of black carbon emissions each year.
Efficient stoves reduce fuel use by 30-60%, which results in decreasing black carbon emissions by 50-90% that could lead to a positive and rapid climate response.
FOCUS ON AFRICA
Over 3 billion of people are cooking and heating with an open flame or on a crude stove using solid fuels. This has a big impact on the environment and on the health of the communities.
Where We Work
Exposure to smoke causes 16,600 deaths in Kenya, every year.
Smoke contributes to a acute health problems, like early childhood pneumonia, emphysema, lung cancer, bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, and low birth weight.
Women and young children are particularly affected, with 4,900 children in Kenya dying every year from acute lower respiratory infections.
What Is TAP's Solution?
The Adventure Project recruits and trains local people to manufacture and sell fuel-efficient stoves locally that reduce toxic cooking smoke. A stove saves a family 20% of their daily expenses because they use 50% less fuel each day. One stove also saves six trees from being turned into charcoal each year, and reduces 1.5 tons of black carbon emissions each year. By reducing smoke emissions, clean cookstoves protect the environment, empower women, improve livelihoods, and most importantly, reduce respiratory diseases, lung and heart ailments. Efficient cookstoves can reduce black carbon emissions by 50-90%.
Stoves are made locally and sold by men and women in Kenya and Tanzania. Our stove masons create efficient cookstoves that reduce smoke emissions and use less charcoal. Reducing smoke emissions will result in lowering the preventable diseases and deaths. In addition, efficient stoves reduce fuel use by 30-60%, which results in decreasing black carbon emissions by 50-90% that could lead to a positive and rapid climate response.
Our Partner: Energy4Impact
Energy4Impact is a nonprofit organization working with local businesses to extend access to energy in Africa, impacting the quality of life for millions of people. Growing sustainable clean energy markets improves livelihoods and accelerates economic growth. Their approach has provided access to 16.5 million people, supported 4,000 businesses, created 10,000 new jobs, and averted 12.5 million tons of CO2.
How Can You Help?
Learn about environmental issues.
Try to help reduce pollution in everyday life: conserve energy by turning off lights, computers and electric appliances when not in use, or reduce the number of trips using cars, for example.
Donate to and engage with nonprofits fighting for the environment.
Share information and materials about environmental issues on social media.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) is the leading global environmental authority. It aims to reach a sustainable development within the United Nations system. Climate Action is the 13th goal of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
The Earth Day was established in 1970 as April 22nd.
It is a day of political action and civic participation. People march, petitions, meetings, cleaning (road, towns…) are the main actions.
Each year has a different theme and focus. For 2018, the theme is End Plastic Pollution.
Household air pollution is the pollution generated by household fuel combustion, leading to air pollution in and around the home, and contributing to ambient air pollution. The origin of this pollution is the incomplete combustion of fuel in low-efficiency stoves and lamps used for cooking, space heating and lighting.
4.3 million deaths are attributed to household air pollution annually.
50% of pneumonia deaths in children under 5 are due to household air pollution.
Ambient air pollution is the pollution caused by industries, households, cars and trucks as they emit complex mixtures of air pollutants, which are harmful to health.