Why Water? 

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THE ISSUE

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884 million people in the world do not have access to safe drinking-water.

That’s more than the entire population of Europe (741.4 million). Imagine if all Europe could not access safe drinking water.

Safe drinking water and adequate sanitation are crucial for poverty reduction, crucial for sustainable development and crucial for achieving any and every one of the Millennium Development Goals.
— Ban Ki-moon, UN Secretary-General
 

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

  • 2.1 billion people lack access to safely managed drinking water services.
  • 4.5 billion people lack safely managed sanitation services.

  • 340 000 children under five die every year from diarrheal diseases.

  • Water scarcity affects four out of every ten people.

  • Every minute a newborn dies from an infection caused by lack of safe water and an unclean environment.

  • Contaminated water can transmit diseases such diarrhea, cholera, dysentery, typhoid, and polio.

  • In low- and middle-income countries, 38% of health care facilities lack an improved water source, 19% do not have improved sanitation, and 35% lack water and soap for handwashing.

  • Unclean water and poor sanitation is one of the leading causes of child deaths worldwide. Diarrhea is estimated to cause 1.5 million child deaths per year.

Facts on Water Usage: 

  • 50-100 liters of water per person and per day is what is considered sufficient for personal and domestic uses.
  • Water should cost no more than 3% of the household income.

  • While women and children spend on average more than four hours to walk miles to collect water, 1000 metres is the maximum
    distance and 30 minutes the most time it should take to collect water.

  • While many in developing nations use only 5 liters of water a day, people in the United States use 80-100 gallons of water per day per person.  

  • In order to cook each day, a family needs 2 liters of safe water.     

  • A breastfeeding woman needs to drink 7.5 liters of water a day.

Why Do We Focus On Water? 

  • With accessible water sources, people spend less time and effort for basic survival and can expend it in ways to be productive in other areas.

  • Health costs drop with improved water access.

  • School attendance rates go up with improved water access.

  • A $1 investment in water and sanitation yields $3-$34 in economic return, but lack of WASH can cost up to 5% of a country’s GDP.

 

Water iN AFRICA

Over one-third of all wells drilled in the last twenty years are now broken – 50,000 are currently broken in Africa alone.

Where We Work 

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UGANDA

Total Population: 39,032,000

Gross National Income Per Capita: $670 USD

More than half of the population doesn’t have access to basic water.

61% of Ugandans don’t have access to water, and 75% don’t have access to improved sanitation facilities.

Every day, over 800 children die from preventable diseases caused by poor water, and a lack of sanitation and hygiene.

 

SOLUTIONS

Piped Water Schemes

Instead of drilling shallow wells that need constant maintenance and repair, piped water schemes provide larger, more sustainable solutions.

Deep boreholes are drilled, and water is piped directly through a tap stand network. Each piped system can reach at least ten location in a village. Drinking water is available at homes and schools, increasing access and in line with recommended distance and time measurements by WHO.

Well Maintenance and Repair

Instead of drilling more boreholes, training individuals how to repair and maintain existing wells is more sustainable.

Using a “Pay-As-You-Fetch” model, families pay a fee -- agreed upon by each community -- to collect water. 20% of fees goes to pay for future maintenance costs and major repair needs, so the wells can be fixed as needed. The remaining funds go to the caretakers and well mechanics as payment for keeping the wells clean and working. 

 

 

What Is TAP's Role? 

The Adventure Project trains local well mechanics and caretakers to fix and maintain wells, creating a sustainable way to ensure wells are working so people always have access to clean water.

It is estimated that as many as 60,000 new hand pumps are installed each year, but a third in sub-Saharan Africa are simply nonfunctional. Knowledge about the hand pumps and having people around who can fix hand pumps increases the sustainability and lifespan of these pumps. Our trained well mechanics continuously manage wells and make sure wells properly operate and provide clean water to the community.

In addition to well mechanics, we also hire water operators and kiosk caretakers. The water operators help manage the process of extending pipes to families’ homes and collect fees, while caretakers help ensure public kiosks are running efficiently and are clean. These entrepreneurs keep the water flowing.

Our partnership with Water for People focuses on Kamwenge, a rural district in western Uganda that depends heavily on agriculture. It is home to 428,285 people. When we first began our partnership with Water for People, only 40% of the population had access to reliable, safe drinking water. Now, it’s grown to over 50%, and our goal is to help make Kamwenge the first district with 100% access.

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Our partner: Water For People

Water For People exists to promote the development of high-quality drinking water and sanitation services, accessible to all, and sustained by strong communities, businesses, and governments. Water For People is tapping into the private sector and water businesses’ potential to manage and increase the sustainability of the water systems. This means that everyone will access safe water from privately managed water systems. 

https://www.waterforpeople.org/

 

 

How Can You Help? 

  • Learn about the global water crisis.

  • Avoid wastage of water in every day activities: turn off the tap while brushing your teeth or while washing your hands, for example.

  • Donate and engage to non-profit organizations fighting for clean water.

  • Share information and materials about water issue on social media.

 

LEARN MORE: 

The human right to water and sanitation is recognized by the United Nations since 2010 through Resolution 64/292. It is acknowledged that clean drinking water and sanitation are essential for the realization of all other human rights.

  • Every $1 invested in improved sanitation translates into an average return of $9.

  • Every year, there are two UN international observances of water and sanitation:

    • March 22nd: World Water Day.

    • November 19th: World Toilet Day.
       

  • International Decade for Action: Water for Sustainable Development 22 March 2018-22 March 2028:

    • Improve cooperation, partnership and capacity development.

    • Put a greater focus on the integrated management of water resources.

    • Facilitate the sharing of good practices and provide a platform for advocacy, networking and partnership building.

 

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Safe water is awater which is safe from outside contamination such as harmful microorganisms and substances and which doesn’t present any risk to drink.

The access to safe water is measured by the proportion of population with access to an adequate amount of safe drinking water located in a convenient distance.

Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. It can also refer to the maintenance of hygienic conditions.

WASH is an acronym that stands for "Water, Sanitation and Hygiene". Indeed, these three areas are dependent on the presence of the others. Working on these three core issues at the same time is essential. For example, without clean water, basic hygiene practices are not possible.