Why are children starving? Three reasons why there is an urgent food crisis unfolding in the Horn of Africa.
This week, UNICEF warned that an explosion of child deaths in the Horn of Africa is imminent – unless the world responds immediately. What's the origin of this crisis? Here are 3 reasons why the number of food-insecure people has doubled this year:
1. The Russian invasion of Ukraine.
You may be wondering what the war has to do with East Africa. Ukraine and Russia produce 1/3 of the world's wheat. Much of it feeds people in need.
In 2020, Ukraine was the top supplier to the United Nations’ World Food Programme (WFP). The WFP is the world's largest humanitarian organization for food aid.
Russia's blockade of Ukraine's major seaports is keeping 23.5 million tons of food stuck in the country. These are grains, like corn and wheat, and oilseeds, like sunflower. This estimated to be enough food to feed 400 million people.
Russian troops have set mines along the ports in the Black Sea, blocking all movement of goods in and out. Moving the food out by train is proving difficult. Only 1% of grain has been successfully exported by train.