Why Hunger?

 
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THE ISSUE

 
 
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Millions in East Africa are being affected by severe drought. Crop harvests are well below normal, with 10.7 million people facing severe hunger. In fact, the current drought is considered the worst in living memory.

80% of the poor in Sub-Saharan Africa work as rural subsistence farmers. Each night, 75% of their children go hungry because they struggle to grow enough to feed their families.

The first essential component of social justice is adequate food for all mankind. Food is the moral right of all who are born into this world.
— Norman Borlaug, biologist and humanitarian.
 

WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

One in nine people today are undernourished: that’s 11% of the world total population.

Africa is strongly affected by hunger, with about 232.5 million of its population suffering from hunger.

There are improvements and regressions in the struggle against hunger today. In southern Asia, the situation is in progress but still about 281 million undernourished people. In western Asia, the situation is getting worse.

By continuing the status quo, more than 650 million people will suffer from hunger in 15 years.

Hunger causes 3.1 million children deaths each year.

98% of the world’s undernourished live in developing countries.

 

THE COST

The cost to tackle this hunger problem is huge: Estimates put it at $267 billion a year to end world hunger by 2030.
But at the same time, this figure is small: If every person in the United States gave a little more than $2 a day a year, this amount could easily be reached.

 

Why Do We Focus On Hunger?

  • With nutritional intervention, wages increase, along with adult productivity.

  • Better food security and nutrition improve women’s status and decrease their risk of emergencies or conflict.

  • Decreasing hunger also reduces violence, including intimate partner violence and the likelihood of criminal activity.

  • With increased access to food and better nutrition, school enrollment and academic achievements increase.

  • There is a link between hunger and the risk of political unrest and conflict.

  • Each dollar increase in short-term aid raises local output by more than a dollar and a half, while the same dollar invested in agriculture research increases a country’s imports by more than four dollars.

 

Hunger iN AFRICA

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The unequal distribution of resources is the main cause of hunger in most regions.

In Asia or Africa, for example, populations do not have the means (financial and technical) to produce more food. 

Hunger is also a cause of poverty. With the lack of food production, populations are not able to work or learn as much as they could, creating a vicious cycle.

 

Where We Work

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MALAWI

  • Total Population: 17.2 million

  • 25% of people live in extreme poverty.  

  • 37% of children under five are stunted.  

KENYA 

  • Total Population: 46 million

  • 47% of people live below the poverty line.

  • 369,000 children under five suffer from acute malnutrition.

  • More than 800,000 people are acutely food insecure.

 

Solutions

Drought-resistant Crops:

Drought is the main constraint of crop production.

For agriculture, drought happens when there is insufficient soil moisture to meet the needs of a particular crop at a particular time.

Drought-resistant crops are created by altering a plant’s hormones. They share a mechanism known as crassulacean acid metabolism, or CAM, which allows them to survive despite low levels of water. CAM is a proven mechanism for increasing water-use efficiency in plants.

Irrigation:

Irrigation investments act as production and supply shifters. As a result, they have a strong positive effect on growth, benefiting the poor in the long run.

Irrigation benefits also accrue to the poor and landless in the long run. Irrigation is productivity enhancing, growth promoting, and poverty-reducing.

If Africa reaches just 20% of farmland irrigated, the “hungry season” will become a thing of the past.

 
 
 

What Is TAP’s Role?

Over 40 million farmers in Africa currently rely primarily on rainfall, while the potential to access available groundwater through irrigation could create sustainable change. With irrigation, crops can be harvested continuously throughout the year and on average, can increase their incomes 500%. This means these farmers can invest in improved farm inputs, livestock and more.

We help equip farmers with irrigation pumps. One irrigation pump can lift a farmer and his family out of poverty and into the middle class in as little as one harvest. On average, each farmer with access to irrigation grows enough to provide produce to 50 community members, and earns enough to send one child to school for the first time.

In addition, we’re working with farmers in Malawi to provide drought-resistant ground nuts and soy bean seeds. By equipping farmers with the tools they need to succeed, they can increase their yields and provide more food to their communities!

 

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Our Partner: Kickstart International

KickStart International is a nonprofit social enterprise with a mission to lift millions of people out of poverty quickly, cost-effectively and sustainably. KickStart designs and promotes very low-cost, high quality irrigation pumps, enabling poor farmers to make their own rain, significantly increasing yields, incomes, and providing a real path out of poverty. Through their efforts, farming families increase overall household income by 400%, on average.

kickstart.org

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Our Partner: Yamba Malawi

Yamba Malawi transforms children's lives by empowering communities to break the cycle of poverty. Our unique combination of social services, one-on-one coaching, and business development ensures every child has food, education, and care today—all while establishing economic systems and safety nets that build brighter tomorrows. They support the launch of drought-resistant and nitrogen-rich peanut & soybean farms, financial coaching, & life skills training for vulnerable families in Malawi.

yambamalawi.org

How Can You Help?

  • Support local farmers or markets.

  • Donate to non-profit organizations fighting against hunger.

  • Limit food waste.

  • Promote food security and fight against hunger around you, and on social media.

  • Join the the Zero Hunger Challenge (www.zerohungerchallenge.org)

 

LEARN MORE :

 

UN’s Development Agenda for the 21st Century Sustainable Development Goals (SDG):
In 2015, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development was launched. It is a global plan of action for people, the planet and prosperity. Food is one of the main points of this agenda.

In 1948, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights affirmed the right of everyone to adequate food.

Agriculture is the largest employer in the world. 500 million small farms worldwide provide up to 80% of food consume in a large part of the developing world. If women farmers had the same access to resources as men, the number of hungry people worldwide could be reduced by up to 150 million. By 2030, food demand is predicted to increase by 50%.

 

World Food Day

  • The World Food Day was established in 1979 by FAO’s Members Countries as October 16th.

  • Each year has a different theme and focus. For 2017, the theme is Change The Future Of Migration/Invest In Food Security and Rural Development.

  • Events are organized in over 150 countries across the world.

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Poverty is generally defined in terms of:
Absolute poverty, which measures poverty in relation to the amount of money necessary to meet basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter.

Relative poverty, which defines poverty in relation to the economic status of other members of the society. For example, people are poor if they fall below prevailing standards of living in a given societal context.

International standard of extreme poverty is defined as earning less $1.90 USD a day.

Poverty Line: A level of personal or family income below which one is poor according to governmental standards. The Global Poverty Line is set by using the poverty lines of the 15 poorest countries. The National Poverty Line is the bare minimum income needed to meet minimum nutritional, clothing, and shelter needs in that country.

 

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Malnutrition: Deficiencies, excesses or imbalances in a person’s intake of energy and/or nutrients. There are two types of malnutrition: 

Undernutrition: Includes Stunting (low height for age), Wasting (low weight for height), Underweight (low weight for age), and Micronutrient Deficiencies (a lack of important vitamins and minerals).

Overweight, Obesity and Diet-related Noncommunicable Disease: It is possible to be overweight and in a state of malnutrition. Many families cannot afford enough nutritions foods like fresh fruits and vegetables. Food and drinks high in sugar or salt are cheaper. This leads to nutritional deficiencies. Undernutrition and being overweight are not incompatible.  

 

 

 

 

Food Security: When all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet dietary needs for a productive and healthy life. Numerous UN agencies are working to establish food security: 

  • World Food Programme (WFP)

  • World Bank

  • The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)

  • The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)